- ENERGY, NATURAL RESOURCES AND MINING
- HEALTH AND DRUG
- RETAIL AND CONSUMER PRODUCTS
- MACHINE AND METAL INDUSTRY
- FINANCIAL SERVICES
- TRANSPORTATION AND LOGISTICS
- PRODUCTION INDUSTRY
- INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AND COMMUNICATION
- AVIATION INDUSTRY AND AIRLINES MANAGEMENT
- PRINTING AND PAPER PRODUCTS
- ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY
- PRIVATE SECURITY
- FAMILY COMPANIES
ENERGY, NATURAL RESOURCES AND MINING
The importance of natural resources in the life of humans and societies is widely accepted. There is a great relationship between the levels of development the societies and the natural resources, energy and mining. Countries that could not appropriately benefit from the natural resources today are trapped into the circle of falling behind as societies that do not create added value. The scarcity of energy resources overall the world and on the contrary the increasing demand for energy require the use of energy need in a rational way and also require implementing healthier policies in terms of energy production and use.
Our country has been continuing its actions in the energy sector with projects that have been implemented at domestic and international level. In this regard, actions are ongoing with full speed towards decreasing dependence to foreign resources for energy, leveraging the capacity in using domestic resources and in particular increasing the share of renewable energy resources. Parallel to these developments, preparations are ongoing in relation to nuclear energy.
For more than a decade, Turkey benefits from its advantageous geography by placing itself as a bridge between the producers of fossil fuels and European markets. As we have summarized above, our consultancy has been providing auditing, tax and consultancy services in the sector with its team of experts in all of the foregoing issues.
The food industry in our country has engaged in a great boost. The rich agricultural resources of the country combined with the young labour force lead to the progress of the sector. Meanwhile, change in expenditure trends and the nutrition habits have a great impact on the sector. The development of consumer awareness is accepted as a separate factor in the progress of the sector.
The increase in the awareness of branding in the sector and the existing of a society which is in search for quality and standard lead to a rapid increase of the sector, demonstrating a continuously increasing graphics both in the domestic market and in export.
The products which have direct relationship with human health in the sector carry a great importance in terms of criteria related to commercial positioning Taking into account the issues that have been briefly highlighted above, the approach of our expert organization towards the issue could be better understood.
Our consultancy has a well-deserved experience with the audit, tax and consultancy services it provides for food sector in accordance with the regulations.
The most apparent traces of the economy, which has been growing since 2002, have been observed in the construction and real estate sectors. The removal of 6 zeros from TL, decrease of the inflation and an understanding towards a stabilized economy increased the interest of both foreign and domestic investors in the construction and related sectors, making them one of the most popular sectors of today.
Equal to the interest demonstrate by capital holding companies of foreign origin in Turkey, Turkish construction companies have acquired a great fame in particular in the Middle East and North Africa.
With the “crazy project” presented by our Esteemed Prime Minister, two new cities will be established in Istanbul. In particular the employment in Catalca region will increase. Thus, the growth in the construction and building sector will accelerate.
Since its establishment, Fatih Consultancy has been providing the enterprises operating in the construction sector with any type of services from company incorporation to book keeping, SGK transactions to payment tracing with its expert staff, up to date regulation monitoring and circular publication systems.
Our YYM organization will assist you to benefit from the fields of full certification and tax consultancy as it has special expertise on the sectoral regulations.
HEALTH AND DRUG
Everybody is aware of the policies followed by governments for a healthy development of the increasing population in the Republican period. In addition to gradually decreasing the foreign dependent structure of the sector, it is an important element of the understanding of a social state to allocate the blend of services to be provided to the benefit of the society for all from seven to seventy as part of a sector that has become widespread.
In this regard, it is within the mandate of our consultancy to produce solutions to be needed in the economy by the members of the sector, who have relationship at domestic and international level, as they maintain their growth in line with social expectations that increase in line with the regulations, as well as to render tax and consultancy services in relation to these.
RETAIL AND CONSUMER PRODUCTS
The Competition Board has completed the examination report on the sector. According to the report, the supermarkets have the greatest share in the total retail market. The institutionalization and public offerings have been increasing among the retail chains. Site selection is among the important elements that determine the competitive power of retail chains. National and international chains prefer to take over small scaled small chains rather than opening new shops. In the report, it is mentioned that various amounts are charged under the names of listing price, shelf price, demo area price, insert price, electricity price, promotion participation price, staff request, shop sales price, anniversary price, and end-year discount. Collection of these prices through invoices outside the contract and that are retrospectively effective face the supplier with an unforeseen cost and commercial risk.
Today, in order to be successful, the consumer product companies need to develop various opinions related to brand abrasion, complexity of management and new legal regulations, estimate the central market trends and the results that these could lead in advance and direct themselves towards methods that could effectively compete in the market. The pressure of the increasing competition, increase in the number of alternative sales channels, the relationships between suppliers and the retailers becoming uncertain, shift of the power balance towards the retailers lead to sudden developments in the sector.
Our consultancy provides accurate and practical solutions with its wealth of knowledge acquired in the past for the problems that its customers face in the tourism sector, and provides services to its clients within the framework of applicable regulations.
MACHINE AND METAL INDUSTRY
The machine production sector, which could be considered as a locomotive sector in developed country industries, is considered among the important resources of industrialization. The weight of the competitive conditions in global markets is considered as one of the leading problems of the sector. The average price increases in the sector have been continuously increasing. However, companies which engage in machine production make important sacrifices in order to keep the price increase at the lowest level.
Orientation towards machines that are more developed in terms of technology lead to positive reflections in export. The importance of the quality of machines that are produced in the developed markets and the implementation of state of the art technologies is matched with the importance of machines creating difference and hosting innovations compared to their competitors. The ability of companies to protect their positions in the market in order to increase their exports is only possible with the importance they put on Research and Development. An inventory should be prepared based on the machine assets in the sector, employment and the data that determine the technological level. Besides, in order for the companies to meet their foreign credit requirements, it is necessary to define their relationships with the foreign capital and to have projects towards export that are directed towards creating high value added goods. As opposed to this, it is necessary to audit the low performance machines that are imported from Far East. It is necessary to shift the import of intermediate goods in the machine production sector to domestic production.
It is necessary to create cluster pools where organizations operating in the same region, in the same business branch and in the same value chain as well as those supporting them come together, to provide VAT discount in investment goods, support exporters in order to establish machinery trace centers abroad, encourage the use of quality Turkish machinery and parts in compliance with standards, develop the collaboration between foreign capital and domestic producers, support machinery producers that have real R&D structure and specialization, prepare action plan for training that will meet the needs of the sector in terms of technical intermediate staff, ensure long term loans with importer companies and develop long term finance models under Eximbank for export to developing countries, and reflect the EU technical regulation harmonization process to the sector.
Our consultancy has been continuing its services with specialized staff for approaching the problems of the sector specified above within the framework of regulations and providing contributions.
Turkish Finance Sector has been continuing its stage of progress for new development opportunities thanks to the health economic growth acquired in parallel to the developments in the global economy. Parallel to the global changes experienced in the sector, the banking system which has been redefined with the rapid and fundamental change process develops its new products and services continuously in order to catch the increase of efficiency required by the increasing competition and elevate its competitive power in the international markets. The sector is an important element in ensuring rapid economic growth and development. They are important institutions both in the restructuring of the economy and maintaining the macroeconomic stability. The financial services sector, which plays such an important role in the financial system, is required to maintain its dynamic structure and follow up the continuous changes in the corporate structures. Strong capital adequacy ratios overall the country, strong liquidity position, widespread existence of well education labour force and the existence of strong legal framework constitute the strong points of the financial services sector. As opposed to this, the dependence of Turkey on the short term capital inflow prevents it from making rapid discounts in the interest rates. Issues that need to be taken into account within the scope of risks in the sector include the bad loans that increase in particular in consumer credits and credit cards, the despot basis being short term and the ability to receive syndication and securitization credit from international organizations becoming harder.
The insurance sector inside the sector constitutes an important place in Turkish market. Turkish insurance sector has witnessed rapid changes in recent years and its importance and competitive power in the financial markets have been increasing. As a result of the search that the public authority engaged in as a result of the burden caused by the fact that the existing social security system fails to provide effective services to the individuals, the developing economies adopt private retirement fund system for implementation.
Under the light of the points explained above, our consultancy ensures provision of sectoral external audit services with its specialized staff, consultancy services towards internal audit and risk management, audit of information technologies, meeting the provisions related to regulations, and other services related to law, tax and legal regulations.
Textile and ready-made clothing sector is among the labour-intense sectors that constitute the important building stones of the industrialization process. In this sector where the competition in the most intense overall the world, the competition has become more severe in both supply and demand side as the quotas were abolished. Branding has started to have a great importance in textile and ready-made clothing sector.
Following the promulgation of the Republic and the establishment of Sumerbank, all textile and confection factories and workshops were collected under the roof of this institution and the investments made by Sumerbank and the staff it has raised the private sector.
Synthetic fibre production as launched after 1960s. With the contribution of the incentive measures, advanced technology was started to be used between 1960 and 1970 and processed products were started to be imported, and a significant technical experience was acquired between 1960 and 1980. Following the second half of 80s, the textile and ready-made clothing export has significantly increased and in 1990s, the share of sector in the export increased to 40%.
Turkish textile and ready-made clothing sector is the impulsive force of Turkish economy both with the employment it creates and the high export revenues. The fact that the sector is one of the driving forces in manufacturing industry production and export, that Turkey is the second biggest supplier of the EU after China, its closeness to the export markets as a result of its geographical location, its position at the top rank in terms of technology used by Turkey in yarn, quality raw material and inputs, dynamic and young population constitute the strong parts of the sector. In the contrary, the weaknesses of the sector include the rapid increase in competition, energy prices and labour costs being higher compared to the competitors, lack of R&D and branding, failure to prevent informality, and fluctuations in exchange rates.
Our consultancy closely follows the conditions of textile sector in our country as explained above briefly, and continues to provide services with its expert staff within the framework of laws to enterprises that operate in the sector.
Tourism is a dynamic sector with an increasing importance in country economies that is in continuous interaction with the social, cultural and natural environment. In particular the developing countries try to benefit from the dynamism created by the tourism sector in overcoming the problems and shortcomings they encounter. The sector has demonstrated a high leap in the last ten years in Turkey, and has become the sector with the highest foreign exchange inflow of the economy. The acceleration of structural change and development of the sector started in 80s, and has undersigned important successes in the last 20 years. With the measures that have been taken since 1980s, incentives provides and the policies implemented, numerous tourism facilities were constructed and it was tried to construct a tourism sector infrastructure that could respond to the changing consumer demands. Tourism sector is the first sector that is a candidate to be the locomotive of country economy with the foreign exchange inflows that are increasing throughout the year. Tourism incomes exceeded 7 billion USD in 2000 and have reached to 22 billion today. Despite the global economic crisis experienced, the tourism investments have increased in 2009. The new incentive system that has come into force in the summer months of 2009, lead to the increase of tourism investments in Anatolia.
Although in general the speed that tourism recovers is higher compared to other sectors, it is estimated that it will take time for the global economy to step into stability and therefore it would be difficult for global tourism to immediately return back to conditions in 2007 – 2008. The existence of geographical and natural structure, the climate, natural resources, an undistorted environment, increase of emerging markets towards Turkey, existence of newer and higher quality facilities compared to competitive countries, opportunity for shopping at a wide range, specialized travel organizers and the increase in the number of airline transportation companies are the elements that have contribution in the growth of the sector. As opposed to this, the weaknesses of the sector include the marketing being carried out at low prices due to competition and low prices becoming an element of attraction, the low level of seasonal capacity use rates, disharmony between the high standard facilities and formations within its vicinity, the activities being confined mostly to the summer season, and insufficiencies in the fields of health, technical infrastructure and energy, constitute the weak aspects of the sector.
Our experience and customer portfolio that were created as a result of services that we have been providing to the accommodation facilities as well as the tourism enterprises operating in the sector, lead us to become specialized in this field, supporting our sectoral knowledge and experience.
TRANSPORTATION AND LOGISTICS
Today, national and international enterprises support the ways of success in production and distribution with logistic services and thus try to compete with their competitors. The logistics services ensure that all logistic activities in the supply chain are collected under a single responsible company, helping the companies to focus on their main activity fields. Today companies target at increasing their cash flows and profitability by implementing correct logistic processes rather than decreasing the costs at the production stage. It is apparent that an effective logistics management will decrease the cost for companies, increase production, elevate quality and customer satisfaction and thus will have an impact on growing its shares and competitive power.
The logistics sector which develops day by day with the giant investments by all of the developed countries overall the world has taken leaps in Turkey in 1990s following 1980s. It is striking that the companies engage in new partnerships and new development efforts towards innovative practices in the sector.
Turkey is defined as a logistics basis with its advantageous location of being a bridge between the Middle East, Turkic Republics and Europe. Despite this advantage, the companies in the sector have been affected from various aspects due to periods characterized by the fluctuation or uncertainty of economic conditions. Small scaled companies which want to use these ups and downs in the prices in their favour, apply prices that cause unfair competition, thus leading to the decrease in the service quality.
As opposed to this, some companies which are least affected from the crisis, have established strong connections with their customers, created strong financial structures and diversity of service, and implemented strategies such as benefiting from the market gap created by companies that are affected from the crisis, and thus managed to compete with both domestic and international companies.
Transportation is currently among the top five headings that are in the EU harmonization process of Turkey. EU harmonization process includes harmonization with vehicle and environmental standards, development of logistics network and improvement of foreign trade policies. They existing transportation network in Turkey lacks behind EU standards in terms of the intensity of highways, express ways and railways. State Planning Organization underlines this reality in the 2010 Annual Program in which it explained the steps to be take for developing the transportation sector. Other details related to the program which gives the signs of growth that is expected in the future, are given in the following parts of the report. Most of the logistics companies in Turkey serve to the sectors where foreign trade is intense. These sectors include textile and confection, automotive, rapid consumption products, retail and food, petrochemicals, machinery production and construction.
Our consultancy has been continuing its operations with the accumulation of knowledge and experience it has acquired with services it has been providing to its customers operating in the Transportation and Logistics sector.
In general terms, industry means the activities and tools used for changing the quality or shape of a material or power using machines and similar tools in order to produce products from raw material. The modern industry is a whole of actions based on changing the raw material and producing products beneficial for human beings. This change which has taken place in a rapid way during the process from past times up to our current day plays an important role in the fast developments of the societies. In the wider context, the industry means the production of any type of goods and services that bring profit. Although the industry and other sectors are considered to be highly different works when a ranking is made among the economic activities, in reality it is observed that these activities are embedded one in another. Procurement of the raw material required for the production of the product from the supplier could in one sense be considered as a trade, however, converting this product into money require a marketing and sales activity. At this point, as the marketing is directed towards the international market, the sector which performs this process is in one sense characterized as exporter. The storage of the goods produced, transportation of the goods at desired time to desired place in a healthy condition, are included under the definition of industry. Thus it could be seen that works such as internal and external trade, marketing- sales, accounting, finance, logistics, financial investments that are being carried out during the production works, are inseparable parts of the production industry. Meanwhile, one of the most important works for the production process appears in front of us as the industrial design.
Such an occupation is brand new in our country. Industrial design is understood as the transformation of human intelligence, creativity and imagination power into a concrete product. Design is making a new product or demonstrating a beneficial innovation in the product. In this definition, design is an artistic effort that absolutely requires creativity. Therefore, it will be realistic to say that industry also involves the art.
It is apparent that the enterprises of the sector, which are engaged in the industrial activities that are considered as number one economic activities with multidimensional positive effects, require any type of support and incentives due to such characteristics.
Experts of our consultancy are on the side of enterprises that operate in the sector in all stages of activity from A to Z, and provide their services accordingly.
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AND COMMUNICATION
Turkish Information Technologies and Communication Sector has reached to a market size of 27.3 billion USD in 2010 The growth which is expected to be 8.3% in 2011 in the field of services, is estimated to be 7.4% in the software sector in the same period. The communication sector has had the greatest share in the sector in total with 73%. This growth was highly affected by the investments in 3G area in the last year. It could be seen that the “software” and the “services” are leading in the sector. It is understood that the growth in the total information and communication technologies market will continue with a rapidly increasing pace in 2011.
The hardware has reached to 5.6 billion USD in 2010. It is estimated that the growth will reach to 15% in 2011. This will particularly be affected with the new hardware products being launched into the market with the trends in the technology. Information technologies constitute the dynamics of the new economic structure. These technologies have a great important to determine whether the countries will be first class or third class. The sector affects both the business life and the social life. In recent years, technologic markets have entered into the social life. And their number is increasing every day. Almost all of the rapid increase in individual consumption is covered by electronic retail chains. Another development in the field of IT is the launch of electronic signature being used in public offices and institutions.
The rapid growth and development in the sector bring together some problems. Unfortunately we fail to produce sufficient technology in the development of IT. The sector is mostly based on import and since the prices are set based on exchange rate, the decrease and increase in the rates affect the sector. Companies that compete in the sector are affected from the lack of qualified staff, low power of R&
D and innovation, problems experienced in accessing to finance, and weakness of technical service networks. In Turkey, it is necessary to create legal and administrative infrastructure related to IT, protect personal information, and not to ignore works related to IT crimes and R&D law.
Our Consultancy has been continuing its actions to transfer to its customer companies the knowledge and experience on the sector that have accumulated as a result of services it has been provided to enterprises operating in the sector.
AVIATION INDUSTRY AND AIRLINES MANAGEMENT
The aviation sector has a significant role to play in terms of economic growth, global trade, international investment and tourism, and is among the continuously growing sectors. For that reason, it is at the center of globalization covering many other industries. Safety processes should be fully followed in order to fulfil the targets that are set by regulatory institutions in the aviation sector. All companies that operate in the aviation sector in global economy continue their growth by carrying their access beyond their traditional geographic borders. In this regard, the continuously increasing competition in the existing economic conditions and the regulatory changes require that employees who provide services to companies are at the highest level in terms of quality.
The rapid development of aviation sector in our country increase the demand in airlines for pilots, however, pilot training activities were insufficient. Whereas Turkey has a significant potential in the aviation and air vehicles sector, it is foreseen that the air traffic in Turkey between 2009 and 2015 would be higher compared to other regions of Europe. Due to the facts that our country is located on transition paths and is close to main centers, maintenance fee could be provided to airline companies flying to Asia, Europe, Africa and Middle East when sufficient infrastructure is established. The most fundamental task of civil aviation authorities is to put rules for ensuring aviation safety, and to ensure and inspect their implementation. Although the Law No. 541 which was put into force in 2005 aimed at improving the staff employed in qualitative and quantitative terms, the practices are not sufficient in meeting the needs and resolving the problems. In our country, around 1000 pilots with foreign nationalities are working as of end 2010. This being the case, it fails to meet the increasing demand for airline pilots in the developing airline sector.
Despite all this negative appearance, Turkish Airlines was at the top in three branches in Skytrax evaluation which audits the service and product quality of the organizations with the audit and service comparison programs in airline and airport sector. Turkish Airlines was awarded “Best airline of Europe”, “Best Premium economy seat” with its Comfort Class seat, and “Best airline of South Europe” in Global Aviation Awards.
Our consultancy has been continuing to transfers its existing acquirements to enterprises operating in the sector within the context of regulations and laws and with its specialized staff.
The occupation in which the valuable metals such as gold and silver and their alloys are melted and poured, transformed into plates or wires and processes to be converted into ornaments, is called “Jewellery”. The jewellery sector in Turkey has a history of five thousand years. In particular the sector attached the due importance on export after 1980s and increased its Market share in the global economy, and today has become one of the greatest 3 exporter countries in the market. Despite the factor that the sector is one of the leader sectors in our country in terms of capital efficiency, its share in the added value obtained from the production sector has not developed in the same extent.
Jewellery sector is among the leader of the sectors in which countries have close interest with high economic returns and wide employment opportunities. This important sector, which has direct contributions in the economy in both economic and export terms in the world and in Turkey, has become one of the fastest developing sectors of Turkey in the last ten years. The sector is a sector that uses labour intense and traditional technologies, despite computer assisted production initiatives in the recent periods. Despite all these, the share of the sector in the production industry added value has not developed to the same extent. It is foreseen by the representatives of the sector that the sector will be required to demonstrate a better management performance in order to protect its position in the market in cases of increasing competition and crisis in the coming periods. For that reason, both the enterprise managers and sector representatives should accelerate their words towards increasing efficiency.
Our consultancy has been continuing to provide the enterprises operating in the sector with services needed in relation to regulations, with its past experiences on the issue.
PRINTING AND PAPER PRODUCTS
Around 4000 BC, a type of paper was being produced in Egypt by cutting the stem of a plant called Cyperius (Papyrus) in suitable dimensions and putting it in order on a board and hammering in watery condition. Although its production and characteristics are different from the paper we use today, the name paper has come until today.
Paper has played a very important role in the dissemination and development of science and culture. Today paper is one of the leading industrial products and is being used in the daily life. Since paper was produced less in old times, it was highly valuable in every place of the world. Afterwards the production has become abundant and widespread. However, it has become valuable again in the recent years since its raw material is disappearing, coupled with the increasing costs and other reasons.
In Turkey, the paper industry has demonstrated a continuous progress parallel to the developments in the world. The first paper factory was established in 1744 in Yalova. However, it did not survive for long. Beykoz paper factory, which was opened in 1804, also did not live long. Although the foundations of Izmir paper factory were established in 1844, it was also sentenced to closure. The latest established factory is Hamidiye paper factory. Upon the defeat of Ottoman Empire in the war, the winning states closed the paper factories.
The first paper factory of the Republican period was the paper factory in Izmit which was opened in 1936. Paper, which is used for various purposes in all stages of life, could be separated in general into cultural papers and industrial papers. The raw material of paper is wood. The ancillary raw materials could be classified in three parts, being the filling substances, dying materials and paper adhesion materials.
Wrapping papers are the ones such as packaging papers and craft papers. It is made of cellulose, which is produced with sulphide or craft process, of old paper, or from their mixture. The cardboard packaging is important in terms of ability to be pressed, stiffness or kilting. Such cardboards could be glossy or non-glossy. There are around three thousand different types of paper and cardboard products. Products up to 225 g/m2 are named as paper, and products above this weight are named as cardboard.
The dazzling developments in technology in the recent years have turned the world into a global village and affected the global trade. In particular, the production techniques have changed as the digital technology became widespread. Today, it is almost impossible to encounter a computer-free production. The printing sector has taken its share from these developments. The printing sector today is dependent on new inventions and in particular on the computer software. Computer program producers develop special programs which will respond the needs of this sector and sell these programs at very high prices, or could give their licenses. Because competition in this sector is either non-existent or is very limited. This situation negatively affects the small and middle scale enterprises in the sector in our country.
Our consultancy has been continuing to render services today with the experience it has acquired in the sector thanks to the services it has been provided to its customers from past to now.
Entertainment may cover cinema, theatre, any type of shows and traditional sport contests. In some cases, entertainment is considered as a status of thought. Entertainment also takes place when people read something and enjoy this without engaging in any physical activity.
Time has become an important value that is highly emphasized under the current dynamic market structure conditions. In this sense, there is a high level of mobility and change. Almost everywhere, the entertainment instruments enable the consumers to step into enjoyment. Elements such as listening to music, watching to TV etc. while working, entertaining or doing sports, add entertainment to the work done. Similarly, the concept of time has become more important compared to past in terms of its connection with entertainment.
Technological developments play an important role in the entertainment sector. Technological developments lead to the emergence of new entertainment products. Products such as cinema, music and video games appear as the entertainment products that could be developed in the good direction in this digital age. In this case, technology highly affects and changes the economic structure of the entertainment industry.
In today’s world, the entertainment market has reached to figures expressed in billion dollars. Companies that are included in the market develop new strategies in order to take greater share in both national and international markets. Now the concept of entertainment market has been detached from other marketing areas and started to take its place in the marketing world with its unique structure and policy.
The entertainment sector in Turkey has been increasing rapidly. The entertainment and media sector which narrowed in 2009 has recovered in 2010 and boosted in 2011. The sector, which reached to 1.4 trillion USD in 2010, will reach to 1.87 trillion USD in 2015 with an average increase of 5.7 percent annually. The entertainment and media sector in Turkey has caught 6.1 billion USD. It is expected that the sector will reached to 11.4 billion USD in 2015 with an annual average growth of 13.2 percent.
Our consultancy closely follows the developing and growing sector and has been provided services in accordance with the regulations for its customers from past to now.
Private Security includes the private security measures that are taken under legal conditions in order to ensure security of rights and freedom allowed to be protected under law, which is characterized as a supplementary measure to public security.
The private sector institutions were provided with the opportunity to ensure their own securities as the first time with the Law No. 2495 dated 22 July, 1981. However, as a result of the demand that has been increasing over time, a need has arisen to change its scope. Upon this, Law on Private Security Services No. 5188 was enacted on 18 June 2004. With this law, the principles of the incorporation and operation of private security companies were determined. Besides, it was allowed to establish training companies for the training of security staff working in security companies.
The private security sector, which has been rapidly increasing the last years, has demonstrated a great development in Turkey. The number of private security staff in Turkey, which is 171 thousand, is more than the number of soldiers of 134 countries. On the other hand, the number of those who hold private security staff ID in Turkey has exceeded 400 thousand. Also, there are 1270 private security companies and 172 training institutions that raise private security staff in Turkey.
The global market share of the sector, which has been growing and developing every year, has increased 250 trillion TL. The volume of security market in Turkey is 5 trillion TL. UK is the European leader 220 thousand people being employed in the security sector. Turkey is the second in Europe with 171 thousand people.
Our consultancy has been continuing its accumulation of knowledge and experience by serving any type of consultancy services within legal framework to private security institutions among its customers.
Cleaning service sector, which has arisen parallel to the development of industry in 1992, is among the most important sectors of Turkey today with a turnover of 5 billion USD and 2 million employees. The rapid increase in the number of shopping centers, hospitals, hotels, business centers, sites and factories established with latest technology has lead to the emergence of a cleaning services sector. Despite the fact that the history of the service sector in Turkey and in the world is not old, the definition of cleaning services as a sector has started in 1900s in Europe, and in 1992 in Turkey, namely 90 years later. Rapid progresses in urbanization and industrialization make it obligatory to outsource certain services both in professional life and in the individual life. Cleaning services enterprises which have arisen in line with this need have extended their service provision areas overtime, and will continue to do so.
Today, a significant part of the need for staff trained in this field is covered by the training works of the cleaning enterprises. The training of cleaning staff is generally provided as on the job training within the organization they work. Also, the Hereke Omer Ismet Uzunyol Vocational School Environmental Cleaning and Supervision Program, which was opened under the body of Kocaeli University in 2007, aims at overcoming the problem of qualified staff in the sector.
Industrial cleaning services, which are initially thought to create additional costs, provide the company an efficiency between 5 to 20 percent according to the studies conducted. The cleaning service performed regularly could provide the company with profits rather than costs. Companies in the sector used to seek for ways to acquire profit from the work after taking the job, and thus make erroneous cost and investment calculations, and were not working towards the job itself. While cheap products, machinery and equipment used to increase labour, these decreased work efficiency. Besides, concluding the contracts on an annual basis caused problems for the companies in the market and decreased the service quality. There occurred a problem between the supplier and the receiver of the service. Due to the reasons in question, if solutions are created taking into account the shortcoming that have happened, it will be possible for the sector to reach to a point it deserves and thus to reach the growth targets.
Our Consultancy has been continuing to provide services with the knowledge and experience it has acquired towards the cleaning organizations that are among its customers.
Family companies appear before us the most widespread company format in the business life overall the world. 40% of the biggest and most successful companies in the world comprise the family companies. While these companies produce a remarkable part of the fortune and income in the work, they also employ millions of people. 43 of the biggest hundred companies in Italy, 26 in France and 17 in Germany are family companies. Although the number of family companies is high, their life is short. The leading reason for this is the idea that these companies could not progress without institutionalization. From the point of view of these companies, one of the most important problems is the professionalization and the lack of approach in the system infrastructure to labour force, which is the most important element.
If the educational level of the bosses in family companies which operate in the technology sector is good, if they have acquired an abroad vision and culture, and preferred to establish their own businesses after adding the financial power they have acquired to the entrepreneur spirit following their education, masters degree and a couple of business and company experiences, they will be implementing their experiences in their own companies.
In order for the family companies to become institutionalized, it is necessary that the company has a good manager to entrust the company, uses technology well, puts the emphasis on planning and management by implementing modern sales and marketing techniques, performs a successful finance management and most importantly attaches great importance to human resources.
Low performance in case no investment is made in the field of human resources and the process of institutionalization fails, problems in the decisions taken by the management, stopping of growth or narrowing, gradual disappearance of prestige in the sector as a result of high costs in the production, lead to the end of family companies.
Our consultancy has been continuing its works with family companies in the form of service provision and consultancy for almost a half century.